The holy land of India is full of stories, some stories narrate the chivalry of warriors, some of them take us into the depths of our culture and many other stories tell us about the history of various ruling dynasties. But, there are some stories which grab the attention of the reader or the listener and leave an absolutely everlasting impact on the reader’s mind and soul, the story of the Qutub Minar is certainly one of such stories.
India, before the arrival of the British colonizers was ruled by the mughal dynasty. If we flip through the pages of history, we’ll realize that before the rise of Mughal dynasty, the state of Delhi, till the year 1526 was ruled by the sultanate, popularly known as the Delhi Sultanate.
The sultanate began ruling Delhi in 1191 A.D. when the first ruler of the slave dynasty, Qutub- Ud- din- Aibak ascended the throne. Qutub ud din Aibak felt the need of constructing a tall minaret in order to safeguard his territory from his enemies and the rival forces. For this very reason the construction of the Qutub minar was started in 1192. Its construction was completed by Iltutmish, Qutub us din Aibak’s successor.
The Qutub Minar is 73 meters tall and is the second largest minar in India after chappar chiri in Mohali, which stands 100 meters tall. The Qutub Minar has been damaged on various occasions by natural forces like earthquakes but the rulers kept on repairing the monument from time to time. There is an infamous incident which is associated with the Qutub Minar, before 1981, the general public was allowed to climb on the topmost storey. However on December 4 1981 an accident occurred when an electricity cut plunged the tower’s staircase into darkness. Around 45 people were killed in the stampede that followed the electricity failure. Most of the victims were children because, before 1981, school children were allowed free access to historical monuments on Fridays and many school groups were taking advantage of this. Subsequently, public access has been forbidden.
How to reach?
One can enjoy a metro ride and reach Qutub minar over the yellow line of the Delhi Metro. One can also reach the monument through road.
The iron pillar near the Qutub Minar is made up of an amalgamation of various metals.A fence was erected around the pillar in 1997 in response to damage caused by visitors. There is a popular tradition that it was considered good luck if one could stand with one’s back to the pillar and make one’s hands meet behind it. The practice led to significant wear and visible discoloration on the lower portion of the pillar. It is known for its high resistance to corrosion. Various inscriptions in parso- Arabic language can be seen everywhere within the Qutub minar. Nearly a 1000 years have passed since the construction of the Qutub Minar but the charm of it still attracts the visitors from all over the world towards itself. But slowly and gradually, the charm is fading.one must not forget that qutub minar is not just a monument, it is an integral part of our history, a history at which we can look back with pride. Therefore, it becomes important on our part to safeguard our culture because cultures represent the true identity of people.